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Address: 24A M. Baghramyan Ave. 0019, Yerevan, Armenia
Tel.: +374 10 52 44 26
Fax: +374 10 52 23 44
E-mail: igs @ sci.am


Department of Mineralogy and Petrology/Laboratory of Mineralogy
About Laboratory Maps and Graphics
Scientific Personnel and Research Areas International Cooperation
Scientific Achievements Publications

About Laboratory


Since ancient times, Armenia has been known as an ancient cradle of metal processing. Mountain excavations, the remains of casting stoves testify to the fact that metal ores have been processed in the Armenian Highland for thousands of years. The discovery and exploration of mineral deposits has a vital economic and national security significance for the country.

Taking into account the aforementioned priority, from 1935 to 1943, serious examinations were carried out by H. T. Karapetyan, H. S. Stepanyan, S. H. Movsesyan and many others, despite the fact that there was no separate department for the systematized research on mineral deposits and metal formation.

In 1943, the Institute of Geology (1935) was included into the structure of the newly created Academy of Sciences (AS). Subsequently, a separate department of mineral deposits headed by H. G. Maghakyan was created in the Institute of Geology. H. G. Maghakyan authors more than 160 scientific works. Under his leadership, small and average scale (1:1000000, 1:500000, 1:200000) metal formation maps of Armenia and surrounding territories were created; the structural-metallogenic zones of Armenian SSR and Small Caucasus (Alaverdi-Kapan, Sevan-Amasia, and Pambak-Zangezur) were distinguished.

In 1947, the head of the Mineral Deposits Department of the Institute of Geology was S. S. Mkrtchyan. His scientific achievements are incorporated in more than 100 works.

In 1957, E. A. Khachatryan was appointed the head of the Mineral Deposits Department of the Institute of Geology. A valuable summary of the metal mineral deposits study is the sixth volume (“Metal mineral deposits”) of the multivolume work “The Geology of the Armenian SSR”, published by the AS in 1967.
In 1982, K.A. Karamyan was appointed the head of the Mineral Deposits Department. The studies on copper-molybdenum and other formations ores carried out by Karamyan and Kadjaran scientific research base employees (T. H. Arevshatyan, V. G. Kocharyan, R. N. Tayan, V. E. Vardanesov, A. A. Avagyan, H. P. Guyumjyan, M. A. Kukulyan, H. G. Madanyan, S. P. Sargsyan, M. A. Harutyunyan, and others) are incorporated in a number of significant publications: “The structure and emergence conditions of Dastakert copper-molybdenum ore”, K. A. Karamyan, 1962; "Textures and structures of Zangezur endogenous mineral deposits", K. A. Karamyan, 1972; “The dyke complex of Meghri pluton's eastern section and its role in the metal formation”, T. H. Arevshatyan, 1973; “The Zangezur ore region mine minerals and mineral associations”, K. A. Karamyan, 1983; “The post-magmatic formations of Zangezur ore regions”, K. A. Karamyan, R. N. Tayan, M. A. Harutyunyan, 1987, and other publications.

Detailed studies of gold mineral formations mines of the RA  are provided in the research works of Sh. H. Amiryan. His research works are incorporated in a number of noteworthy monographs and articles, such as “The mineralogy, geochemistry, and formation conditions of the metal mines in the Armenian SSR”, Zod – Sh. H. Amiryan, Kadjaran – A. S. Faramazyan, 1974; “The gold mineral formations of the Armenian SSR”, Sh. H. Amiryan, 1984.

From 1970 to 2009, the Southern Armenia expedition research fellows (E. A. Khachatryan, S. H. Achikgyozyan, S. A. Zohrabyan, R. H. Sargsyan, H. G. Mirzoyan) were engaged in the examination of the questions concerning the emergence and distribution of Kapan region mines and ore occurrences. As a result, geological and forecast-metallogenic formation maps with the scale of 1:50000 were created by them.

An separate specialized group (“Kadjaran Base”) – headed by K. Karamyan, since 1960 up to 1986, later on - by R. Tayan, from 1987 to 2007 – made a comprehensive research on the questions concerning the structural geology, metallogeny, ore bearing, and ore surrounding hydrothermal alterations of Zangezur ore region.   
Forecast metallogenic maps with the scale of 1:50000, as well as structural-geological maps of Kadjaran, Agarak, Dastakert, Lichq coopper-molybdenum mines were created. The group participated in the industrial reserves assessment and calculation of the above mentioned mines. It has also clarified the distribution patterns of gold, silver, and rare elements in the mineral formations of the Zangezur ore field, and has created a museum dedicated to the ore district metallogeny and regional geology of the Zangezur ore region (Kadjaran town, at the Kadjaran CMC).

The monograph by S. A. Zohrabyan “The Akhtala ore structure and origin of conditions” (1971) is dedicated to the pyrite –polymetallic ore of Akhtala in Northern Armenia.

From 1986 to 2005, the Mineral Deposits Department was headed by Doctor of geological-mineralogical sciences Sh. H. Amiryan. He has a notable input in the geological, mineralogical, and geochemical fundamental research of gold formation ores in the territory of Armenia.

From 2005 to 2006, the Department was headed by Academician NAS RA S. V. Grigoryan, Doctor of geological-mineralogical sciences. His works (geochemical exploration methods of mineral deposits) have a wide recognition both in Armenia and abroad. Metal ores were discovered in a number of countries (Russia, Kyrgyzstan, Bulgaria, Sweden, etc.) through the method proposed by him.

Since 2007, K. M. Muradyan, Doctor of geological-mineralogical sciences, has been heading the Mineral Deposits Department of the Institute of Geological Sciences of NAS RA. He has authored more than 100 scientific works. The results of his researches are incorporated in books “The most important industrial ore formation origin and distribution patterns of the Armenian SSR”, published in 1985, and “The ore bearing of the volcanic formations in Small Caucasus”, published in 1994 by NAS RA.

Since 2000s, a new generation of geologists (Sh. V. Khachatryan, A. E. Hovhannisyan, S. E. Hovakimyan, and others) was engaged in the metal ores research process of the RA and Nagorno Karabakh territories, using up-to-date scientific approaches and computer programming technologies.

As a result of the Mineral Deposits laboratory activities of approximately 80 years, the origin and distribution patterns of mineral deposits of different genealogy type were discovered. Numerous monographs, hundreds of articles and reports have been published. Structural-geological and forecast-metallogenic formation maps of various scales on the ore bearing regions, ore districts, ore fields, and mines of the RA and surrounding territories were created.

In 2010, for the Northern Armenia (scale: 1:300000) a GIS format digital map of magmatic, metamorphic and ore formations was created.